Top 10 Seasonal Vegetable Gardening Tips

  1. Prepare Your Soil :
    • Create the right texture of soil by first determining your type of soil.  Is it sandy, silty, peaty, clay, saline or loam?  What you want is loam.  Loam is a balance of sand, clay and silt and add in
      Loam Soil
      Loam Soil

      humus.  Loam is dark in color, mealy, partly smooth, partly gritty and partly sticky when formed into a ball, but crumbles easily.  Amend your garden’s soil until you reach the loam texture.

    • Determine your PH level.  Is your soil acidic or alkaline?  Some vegetables prefer acidic, while others prefer alkaline.
    • Nourish your soil by adding manure, kelp meal and beneficial soil inoculants.
  2. Growing Conditions : Know what each vegetable likes for healthy, abundant growth.  Does that vegetable like hot and dry, cool and wet or temperate conditions?  Plant the vegetable in the right season when those conditions are most likely to occur.
  3. Let There Be Light : All plants need light; though different amounts of light.  Greens such as spinach love shaded light, mushrooms love very little light, corn and tomatoes love lots of light!  Growing tomatoes in the middle of winter, even in a greenhouse, yield mealy, flavorless tomatoes.  However, growing kale in the middle of winter with about 8 hours of light during the day is for sweet, tender kale.  Although temperature is important, what is more important to a vegetable is the amount of sunlight.
  4. Timing Is Crucial : What you are trying to accomplish is to match your vegetable to the right conditions it wants to grow in for the entire time it needs to grow until you harvest its goodies.  Lettuce does not want to hang out in hot and dry conditions; it moves on to its next phase of the life cycle.  Growing lettuce in spring or fall is ideal.  Your lettuce will be very, very happy.  Tomatoes will not pollinate when day/night temperatures of 95/80°F continue for a week or so.  However, tomatoes love to ripen during this period. See? Timing is important.  Do not transplant that desperate looking tomato plant purchased from a big box store in August.  That tomato plant has moved on and so should you.
  5. Plant In Succession : It is very fulfilling to have a huge garden, looking all lush and ripe, all at the same time.  Stop that train-of-thought!  You will starve waiting for harvest time and at harvest time you will hate your garden if you plant everything all at once.  Try succession planting instead.  Each week plant a little more of each vegetable.  This will give you a steady supply of vegetables ripening at different times and enable you to breathe and stay calm…
  6. Lots Of Variety : Play it safe, plant different types of vegetables and different varieties of that type of vegetable.  For instance, root veg is delicious, but plant potatoes, sweet potatoes, turnips, parsnips, carrots, beets and radishes.  Of the carrots plant a few varieties of carrots such as; lunar white, scarlet nantes, jaune du daubs and dragon varieties.  If you find that a particular variety doesn’t do well in your garden, no problem, you have several others to take its place.  If grasshoppers decide to dine on your spinach, you still have your beet greens.  Good stuff.
  7. Rotate Each Season : Rotate your vegetable families each season to
    Four Year Vegetable Garden Rotation
    (photo source: http://www.woollygreen.com)

    prevent insect, fungus and other nasties from claiming your territory.  Also, rotate to ensure each vegetable doesn’t deplete its nutrient source.  Some vegetables are shallow feeders while others are deep feeders.

  8. Give Them A Blanket : Mulch serves several functions for your vegetable garden.  Mulch is a layer of material applied to the surface of an area of your garden’s soil. Its purpose is to conserve moisture, to improve the fertility and health of the soil and to reduce weed growth.  This saves you time and water!
  9. Water Properly : Water your plants deeply rather than often. Also water at the base of the plant rather than watering the leaves to prevent fungus or mold.  The general rule of thumb is one inch of water per week. However, plants’ needs vary, and sandy soils lose moisture more quickly than loamy or clay soils. In very hot summers, the need for water will increase for all vegetables
  10. Be Aware Of Frost Dates : Last frost dates and first frost dates.  You will hear gardeners lamenting over frost more often than not.  In most instances frost is far more likely to kill than a cold temperature.  Once sunlight touches a frosted leaf, death can occur, disintegrating the once healthy leaf into a black powder.  Ahhhhh!  Vegetables differ in their susceptibility to frost, and there are steps you can take to extend the life of that vegetable plant.  Cover your sensitive plants with a frost sheet or cotton bed sheet to stop the freezing madness.
Top 10 Seasonal Vegetable Gardening Tips
Top 10 Seasonal Vegetable Gardening Tips

11 thoughts on “Top 10 Seasonal Vegetable Gardening Tips

  1. Pingback: Top Tips For Urban Vegetable Gardening | The Urban Gardening Digest

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